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Showing posts from February, 2017

Postmodern Theory

Postmodern public administration theory can be most easily understood as the antithesis of positivism and the logic of objective social science. Organizational Humanism and Postpositivism The core ideas in postmordern public administration 1.Public administrators and public agencies are not and cannot be either neutral or objective. 2.Technology is often dehumanizing 3.Bureaucratic hierarchy is often ineffective as an organizational strategy. 4.Bureaucratic tend toward goal displacement and survival 5.Cooperation, consensus, and democratic administration are more likely than the simple exercise of administrative authority to result in organizational effectiveness. 6.Modern concepts of public administration must be built on postbehavioral and postpositivist logic—more democratic, adaptable, and responsive to changing social, economic, and political circumstances. Postpositivism is not thought to be primarily antipositivist. The positivist notion that the social world is orderly; that this orde…

Theories of Public Management

Public management is taken to mean the formal and informal processes of guiding human interaction toward public organizational objectives. The units of analysis are processes of interaction between managers and workers and the effects of management behavior on workers and work outcomes.
Traditional Management Theory Thrust Forward ×Traditional management theory has its origins with Frederick W. Taylor and his influential The Principles of Scientific Management. ×Luther Gulick applied scientific management to government and introduced the most famous mnemonic in the field—POSDCORB, which represents his theory of the seven major functions of management: planning, organizing, staffing, directing, coordinating, reporting and budgeting. ×Based on field research, Chester Barnard, the Hawthorne experiments, and Douglas McGregor conducted behavioral work. ×One important and different approach to management theory is the sociology of Max Weber, who founded the formal study of the large-scale compl…