Tuesday, July 31, 2012

A WOMAN SHOULD HAVE ...

MAYA ANGELOU


A WOMAN SHOULD HAVE ...

enough money within her control to move out
and rent a place of her own, even if she never wants to or needs to...



A WOMAN SHOULD HAVE ..


something perfect to wear if the employer, or date of her dreams wants to see her in an hour...


A WOMAN SHOULD HAVE ..


a youth she's content to leave behind....


A WOMAN SHOULD HAVE ...


a past juicy enough that she's looking forward to
retelling it in her old age. ...


A WOMAN SHOULD HAVE .....


a set of screwdrivers, a cordless drill, and a black lace bra...


A WOMAN SHOULD HAVE


one friend who always makes her laugh... and one who lets her cry...


A WOMAN SHOULD HAVE ....


a good piece of furniture not previously owned by anyone else in her family...


A WOMAN SHOULD HAVE ...


eight matching plates, wine glasses with ste ms, and a recipe for a meal, that will make her


guests feel honored...


A WOMAN SHOULD HAVE ...


a feeling of control over her destiny.


EVERY WOMAN SHOULD KNOW ...


how to fall in love without losing herself.


EVERY WOMAN SHOULD KNOW...


how to quit a job, break up with a lover, and confront a friend without ruining the friendship...


EVERY WOMAN SHOULD KNOW...


when to try harder... and WHEN TO WALK AWAY...


EVERY WOMAN SHOULD KNOW...


that she can't change the length of her calves,
the width of her hips, or the nature of her parents..


EVERY WOMAN SHOULD KNOW...


that her childhood may not have been perfect...but its over...


EVERY WOMAN SHOULD KNOW...


what she would and wouldn't do for love or more...


EVERY WOMAN SHOULD KNOW...


how to live alone... even if she doesn't like it...


EVERY WOMAN SHOULD KNOW..


whom she can trust,
whom she can't,
and why she shouldn't take it personally...


EVERY WOMAN SHOULD KNOW...


where to go...
be it to her best friend's kitchen table...
or a charming inn in the woods...
when her soul needs soothing...

EVERY WOMAN SHOULD KNOW...

what she can and can't accomplish in a day... a month...and a year...

13 lineas para vivir

GABRIEL GARCÍA MARQUEZ "13 LÍNEAS PARA VIVIR"
1. Te quiero no por quien eres, sino....... por quien soy cuando estoy contigo.
2 Ninguna persona merece tus lágrimas, y quien se  las merezca no te hará llorar.
3. Solo porque alguien no te ame como tú quieres, no significa que no te ame con todo su ser.
4. Un verdadero amigo es quien te toma de la mano y te toca el corazón.
5. La peor forma de extrañar a alguien es estar  sentado a su lado y saber que nunca lo podrás tener.
 6. Nunca dejes de sonreír, ni siquiera cuando estés triste, porque nunca sabes quien se puede enamorar de tu sonrisa.
7. Puedes ser solamente una persona para el mundo, pero para una persona tú eres el mundo.
8. No pases el tiempo con alguien que no esté dispuesto a pasarlo contigo..
9. Quizá Dios quiera que conozcas mucha gente equivocada antes de que conozcas a la persona adecuada, para que cuando al fin la conozcas sepas estar agradecido.
10. No llores porque ya se terminó, sonríe porque sucedió.
11. Siempre habrá gente que te lastime, así que lo que tienes que hacer es seguir confiando y solo ser más cuidadoso en quien confías dos veces.
12. Conviértete en una mejor persona y asegúrate de saber quien eres antes de conocer a alguien más y esperar que esa persona sepa quien eres.
13. No te esfuerces tanto, las mejores cosas suceden cuando menos te las esperas.

Monday, July 30, 2012

Poverty Quotes

Quotations on Poverty – Quotes on the Poor

“The comfort of the rich depends upon an abundant supply of the poor” — Voltaire

“We need to make a game out of earning money. There is so much good we can do with money. Without it, we are bound and shackled and our choices become limited” — Bob Proctor

“One day our grandchildren will go to museums to see what poverty was like” — Muhammad Yunus

“Nature makes us poor only when we want necessaries, but custom gives the name of poverty to the want of superfluities” — Samuel Johnson

“Resolve not to be poor: whatever you have, spend less. Poverty is a great enemy to human happiness; it certainly destroys liberty, and it makes some virtues impracticable, and others extremely difficult” — Samuel Johnson

“To be idle and to be poor have always been reproaches, and therefore every man endeavors with his utmost care to hide his poverty from others, and his idleness from himself” — Samuel Johnson

“The trouble with being poor is that it takes up all your time” — Willem de Kooning

“He that thinks he can afford to be negligent is not far from being poor.” — Samuel Johnson

A decent provision for the poor is the true test of civilization
– Samuel Johnson
“Prosperity is a great teacher; adversity is a greater. Possession pampers the mind; privation trains and strengthens it” — William Hazlitt

“You can’t get rid of poverty by giving people money” — P.J. O’Rourke

“Almsgiving tends to perpetuate poverty; aid does away with it once and for all” — Eva Perón

“Time and money spent in helping men to do more for themselves is far better than mere giving” — Henry Ford

“Want of money and the distress of a thief can never be alleged as the cause of his thieving, for many honest people endure greater hardships with fortitude. We must therefore seek the cause elsewhere than in want of money, for that is the miser’s passion, not the thief’s” — William Blake

“If we had believed that poverty is unacceptable to us, and that it should not belong to a civilized society, we would have created appropriate institutions and policies to create a poverty-free world” — Muhammad Yunus

“I did something that challenged the banking world. Conventional banks look for the rich; we look for the absolutely poor. All people are entrepreneurs, but many don’t have the opportunity to find that out” — Muhammad Yunus

One day our grandchildren will go to museums to see what poverty was like
— Muhammad Yunus
“Poverty is the mother of crime” — Marcus Aurelius

“If poverty is the mother of crime, lack of good sense is the father” — Jean de La Bruyère

“He has committed the crime who profits by it” — Lucius Annaeus Seneca

“Poverty is like punishment for a crime you didn’t commit” — Eli Khamarov

“Great abundance of riches cannot be gathered and kept by any man without sin” — Desiderius Erasmus

“What power can poverty have over a home where loving hearts are beating with a consciousness of untold riches of the head and heart?” — Orison Swett Marden

“The man who has no money is poor, but one who has nothing but money is poorer. He only is rich who can enjoy without owning; he is poor who though he has millions is covetous” — Orison Swett Marden

“The influential man is the successful man, whether he be rich or poor” — Orison Swett Marden

“No young man starting in life could have better capital than plenty of friends. They will strengthen his credit, support him in every great effort, and make him what, unaided, he could never be. Friends of the right sort will help him more — to be happy and successful — than much money…” — Orison Swett Marden

“Neither great poverty nor great riches will hear reason” — Henry Fielding

The rich will do anything for the poor but get off their backs
– Karl Marx
“When rich villains have need of poor ones, poor ones may make what price they will” — William Shakespeare

“Poor and content is rich, and rich enough.” — William Shakespeare

“You take my life when you do take the means whereby I live” — William Shakespeare

“Well, whiles I am a beggar, I will rail,
And say there is no sin but to be rich;
And being rich, my virtue then shall be
To say there is no vice but beggary”
— William Shakespeare King John

“I can get no remedy against this consumption of the purse: borrowing only lingers and lingers it out, but the disease is incurable” — William Shakespeare 2 Henry IV

“Thank God for poverty
That makes and keeps us free
And lets us go our unobtrusive way,
Glad of the sun and rain,
Upright, serene, humane,
Contented with the fortune of a day.”

– William Bliss Carman,

The Word at Saint Kavin’s
“We have grown literally afraid to be poor. We despise anyone who elects to be poor in order to simplify and save his inner life. If he does not join the general scramble and pant with the money-making street, we deem him spiritless and lacking in ambition” — William James

The prevalent fear of poverty among the educated classes is the worst moral disease from which our civilization suffers
– William James
“An empty stomach is not a good political advisor” — Albert Einstein

“As for begging, it is safer to beg than to take, but it is finer to take than to beg” –Oscar Wilde

“A man who has no office to go to — I don’t care who he is — is a trial of which you can have no conception.” — George Bernard Shaw

“The greatest of evils and the worst of crimes is poverty” — George Bernard Shaw

Security, the chief pretense of civilization, cannot exist where the worst of dangers, the danger of poverty, hangs over everyone’s head”
— George Bernard Shaw

“You are going to let the fear of poverty govern your life and your reward will be that you will eat, but you will not live.” — George Bernard Shaw

“A man willing to work and unable to find work is perhaps the saddest sight that fortunes inequality exhibits under this sun” — Thomas Carlyle

“Four specters haunt the poor — old age, accident, sickness and unemployment” — David Lloyd George

“There is hunger for ordinary bread, and there is hunger for love, for kindness, for thoughtfulness; and this is the great poverty that makes people suffer so much” — Mother Teresa

“The trouble is that rich people, well-to-do people, very often don’t really know who the poor are; and that is why we can forgive them, for knowledge can only lead to love, and love to service. And so, if they are not touched by them, it’s because they do not know them” — Mother Teresa

What is the matter with the poor is poverty; what is the matter with the rich is uselessness
– George Bernard Shaw

“Hunger makes a thief of any man” — Pearl S. Buck

“Love and business and family and religion and art and patriotism are nothing but shadows of words when a man’s starving” — O. Henry

“We didn’t starve, but we didn’t eat chicken unless we were sick, or the chicken was” — Bernard Malamud

“There are people in the world so hungry, that God cannot appear to them except in the form of bread” — Mahatma Gandhi

“To a man with an empty stomach food is God” — Gandhi

“Poverty is the worst form of violence.” Gandhi

“People who are hungry and out of a job are the stuff of which dictatorships are made” — Franklin D. Roosevelt

“True individual freedom cannot exist without economic security and independence” –Franklin D. Roosevelt

“Not only our future economic soundness but the very soundness of our democratic institutions depends on the determination of our government to give employment to idle men” — Franklin D. Roosevelt

“No man can worship God or love his neighbor on an empty stomach” — Woodrow T. Wilson

“You are not here merely to make a living. You are here in order to enable the world to live more amply, with greater vision, with a finer spirit of hope and achievement” — Woodrow T. Wilson

“You are here to enrich the world, and you impoverish yourself if you forget the errand” — Woodrow T. Wilson

“Poverty is no disgrace to a man, but it is confoundedly inconvenient” — Sydney Smith
Having been poor is no shame, but being ashamed of it, is
– Benjamin Franklin
“Content makes poor men rich; discontentment makes rich men poor” — Benjamin Franklin

“Whenever there are in any country uncultivated lands and unemployed poor, it is clear that the laws of property have been so far extended as to violate natural right. The earth is given as a common stock for man to labor and live on. The small landowners are the most precious part of a state” — Thomas Jefferson

“Pride costs more than hunger, thirst and cold” — Thomas Jefferson

“Experience demands that man is the only animal which devours his own kind, for I can apply no milder term to the general prey of the rich on the poor” — Thomas Jefferson

“This country cannot afford to be materially rich and spiritually poor” — Abraham Lincoln

“I believe that, as long as there is plenty, poverty is evil” — Robert Kennedy

Overcoming poverty is not a gesture of charity. It is an act of justice” — Nelson Mandela

“Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed” — Dwight D. Eisenhower

“Like slavery and apartheid, poverty is not natural. It is man-made and it can be overcome and eradicated by the actions of human beings”
– Nelson Mandela

“I believe it is wrong, in a country of such wealth and prosperity, to have 36 million Americans living in poverty.” — John Edwards

“To live in poverty is to live with constant uncertainty, to accept galling indignities, and to expect harassment by the police, welfare officials and employers, as well as by others who are poor and desperate.” — Barbara Ehrenreich

“Terrorism really flourishes in areas of poverty, despair and hopelessness, where people see no future” — Colin Powell

The root cause of poverty is social injustice and the bad government that abets it
– Colin Powell
Poverty arises and persists where corruption is endemic and enterprise is stifled, where basic fairness provided by the rule of law is absent. In such circumstances, poverty is an assault against human dignity, and in that assault lies the natural seed of human anger” — Colin Powell

“Poor nations are hungry and rich nations are proud; and pride and hunger will ever be at variance” — Jonathan Swift

“What does love look like? It has the hands to help others. It has the feet to hasten to the poor and needy. It has eyes to see misery and want. It has the ears to hear the sighs and sorrows of men. That is what love looks like” — Saint Augustine

“When a man’s stomach is full it makes no difference whether he is rich or poor” — Euripides

“Youth is the best time to be rich, and the best time to be poor” — Euripides

“Any city however small, is in fact divided into two, one the city of the poor, the other of the rich. These are at war with one another” — Plato

“Peace does not fare well where poverty and deprivation reign” — Frederik W. de Klerk
When the rich make war, it’s the poor that die
– Jean-Paul Sartre
“Don’t knock the rich. When did a poor person give you a job?” — Laurence J. Peter

“Bodily labor alleviates the pains of the mind and from this arises the happiness of the poor” — François de La Rochefoucauld

“The pleasures of the imagination are as it were only drawings and models which are played with by poor people who cannot afford the real thing” — Georg C. Lichtenberg

“The common argument that crime is caused by poverty is a kind of slander on the poor” — Henry Louis Mencken

“Acquaintance: a degree of friendship called slight when its object is poor or obscure, and intimate when he is rich or famous” — Ambrose Bierce

“Do not tell me of my obligation to put all poor men in good situations. Are they my poor? I tell thee, thou foolish philanthropist, that I grudge the dollar, the dime, the cent, I give to such men as do not belong to me and to whom I do not belong” — Ralph Waldo Emerson

“Without a rich heart, wealth is an ugly beggar” — Ralph Waldo Emerson

“Poverty consists in feeling poor” — Ralph Waldo Emerson

“I am a poor man, but I have this consolation: I am poor by accident, not by design” — Josh Billings

“Remember the poor, it costs nothing” — Josh Billings

The law, in its majestic equality, forbids the rich as well as the poor, to sleep under bridges, to beg in the streets and to steal bread
— Anatole France
“It is only the poor who pay cash, and that not from virtue, but because they are refused credit.” — Anatole France

“The poor have sometimes objected to being governed badly; the rich have always objected to being governed at all” — “Nowadays nothing but money counts: a fortune brings honors, friendships, the poor man everywhere lies low” –Ovid


“Single women have a dreadful propensity for being poor. Which is one very strong argument in favor of matrimony” — Jane Austen

“Satan is wiser now than before, and tempts by making rich instead of poor” — Alexander Pope

“Pale death with an impartial foot knocks at the hovels of the poor and the palaces of king” — Horace

“He ate and drank the precious Words, his Spirit grew robust; He knew no more that he was poor, nor that his frame was Dust” — Emily Dickinson

“Two nations between whom there is no intercourse and no sympathy; who are as ignorant of each other’s habits, thoughts, and feelings, as if they were dwellers in different zones, or inhabitants of different planets. The rich and the poor” — Benjamin Disraeli

“We have two American flags always: one for the rich and one for the poor. When the rich fly it means that things are under control; when the poor fly it means danger, revolution, anarchy” — Henry Miller

“To give aid to every poor man is far beyond the reach and power of every man. Care of the poor is incumbent on society as a whole” — Benedict de Spinoza

“Money is a poor man’s credit card” — Marshall Mcluhan

“Affluence creates poverty” — Marshall McLuhan

Poverty of goods is easily cured; poverty of the mind is irreparable
– Michel Eyquem de Montaigne
“The honest poor can sometimes forget poverty. The honest rich can never forget it.” — Gilbert Keith Chesterton

“In a country well governed poverty is something to be ashamed of. In a country badly governed wealth is something to be ashamed of.” — Confucius

“All we see of someone at any moment is a snapshot of their life, there in riches or poverty, in joy or despair. Snapshots don’t show the million decisions that led to that moment.” — Richard Bach

“My major problem with the world is a problem of scarcity in the midst of plenty … of people starving while there are unused resources … people having skills which are not being used” — Milton Friedman
 
“We should not so much esteem our poverty as a misfortune, were it not that the world treats it so much as a crime” — Christian Nestell Bovee

“In one important respect a man is fortunate in being poor. His responsibility to God is so much the less” — Christian Nestell Bovee

“It is pretty hard to tell what does bring happiness; poverty and wealth have both failed.” — Kin Hubbard

A rich man is nothing but a poor man with money
– W.C. Fields
“In Africa, we were around thousands of people who have seen a lot of poverty, but they were fun at the end of the day” — Angelina Jolie

“He is rich or poor according to what he is, not according to what he has.” — Henry Ward Beecher
“Money is better than poverty, if only for financial reasons.” — Woody Allen

“Never in the history of the world have so many people been so rich; never in the history of
the world have so many of those same people felt themselves so poor.” — Lewis H. Lapham

“The wealth of the rich is their fortified city, but poverty is the ruin of the poor. The wages of the righteous bring them life, but the income of the wicked brings them punishment.” — Proverbs 10:15-16

“He who oppresses the poor to increase his wealth and he who gives gifts to the rich — both come to poverty.” — Proverbs 22:16

“Empty pockets never held anyone back. Only empty heads and empty hearts can do that” — Norman Vincent Peale

“If the misery of the poor be caused not by the laws of nature, but by our institutions, great is our sin” — Charles Darwin

“Poverty sits by the cradle of all our great men and rocks all of them to manhood” — Heinrich Heine

“Seldom do people discern eloquence under a threadbare cloak” — Juvenal

Wars against nations are fought to change maps; wars against poverty are fought to map change
– Muhammad Ali
“It would be nice if the poor were to get even half of the money that is spent in studying them” — Bill Vaughan

“Every man has a right to be poor” — Richard Jefferies

“Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed” — Dwight D. Eisenhower

“Poverty is everyone’s problem. It cuts across any line you can name: age, race, social, geographic or religious. Whether you are black or white; rich, middle-class or poor, we are ALL touched by poverty” — Kathleen Blanco

“Liberalism, above all, means emancipation – emancipation from one’s fears, his inadequacies, from prejudice, from discrimination, from poverty” — Hubert H. Humphrey

“The issue of poverty is not a statistical issue. It is a human issue” — James Wolfensohn

“Poverty blights whole cities; spreads horrible pestilences; strikes dead the very souls of all who come within sight, sound, or smell of it” — George Bernard Shaw

“Poverty is relative, and the lack of food and of the necessities of life is not necessarily a hardship. Spiritual and social ostracism, the invasion of your privacy, are what constitute the pain of poverty” — Alice Foote MacDougall


“Literary tradition is full of lies about poverty—the jolly beggar, the poor but happy milkmaid, the wholesome diet of porridge, etc.” — Mason Cooley

“When the rich make war, it’s the poor that die” — Jean-Paul Sartre

“There was never a war on poverty. Maybe there was a skirmish on poverty” — Andrew Cuomo

“Poverty is a career for lot’s of well paid people” — Ronald Reagan

“I worked my way up from nothing to a state of extreme poverty.” — Groucho Marx

The poor man is not he who is without a cent, but he who is without a dream
– Harry Kemp
“They say it is better to be poor and happy than rich and miserable, but how about a compromise like moderately rich and just moody?” — Princess Diana

“Another good thing about being poor is that when you are seventy your children will not have declared you legally insane in order to gain control of your estate” — Woody Allen

“For every talent that poverty has stimulated it has blighted a hundred” — John Gardner

Tuesday, July 24, 2012

U.S. poverty on track to rise to highest since 1960s

Census figures for 2011 will be released this fall in the critical weeks ahead of the November elections.

 By Kristen Wyatt, AP

WASHINGTON (AP) – The ranks of America's poor are on track to climb to levels unseen in nearly half a century, erasing gains from the war on poverty in the 1960s amid a weak economy and fraying government safety net.

The Associated Press surveyed more than a dozen economists, think tanks and academics, both nonpartisan and those with known liberal or conservative leanings, and found a broad consensus: The official poverty rate will rise from 15.1 percent in 2010, climbing as high as 15.7 percent. Several predicted a more modest gain, but even a 0.1 percentage point increase would put poverty at the highest level since 1965.

Poverty is spreading at record levels across many groups, from underemployed workers and suburban families to the poorest poor. More discouraged workers are giving up on the job market, leaving them vulnerable as unemployment aid begins to run out. Suburbs are seeing increases in poverty, including in such political battlegrounds as Colorado, Florida and Nevada, where voters are coping with a new norm of living hand to mouth.

"I grew up going to Hawaii every summer. Now I'm here, applying for assistance because it's hard to make ends meet. It's very hard to adjust," said Laura Fritz, 27, of Wheat Ridge, Colo., describing her slide from rich to poor as she filled out aid forms at a county center. Since 2000, large swaths of Jefferson County just outside Denver have seen poverty nearly double.

Fritz says she grew up wealthy in the Denver suburb of Highlands Ranch, but fortunes turned after her parents lost a significant amount of money in the housing bust. Stuck in a half-million dollar house, her parents began living off food stamps and Fritz's college money evaporated. She tried joining the Army but was injured during basic training.

Now she's living on disability, with an infant daughter and a boyfriend, Garrett Goudeseune, 25, who can't find work as a landscaper. They are struggling to pay their $650 rent on his unemployment checks and don't know how they would get by without the extra help as they hope for the job market to improve.

In an election year dominated by discussion of the middle class, Fritz's case highlights a dim reality for the growing group in poverty. Millions could fall through the cracks as government aid from unemployment insurance, Medicaid, welfare and food stamps diminishes.

"The issues aren't just with public benefits. We have some deep problems in the economy," said Peter Edelman, director of the Georgetown Center on Poverty, Inequality and Public Policy.

He pointed to the recent recession but also longer-term changes in the economy such as globalization, automation, outsourcing, immigration, and less unionization that have pushed median household income lower. Even after strong economic growth in the 1990s, poverty never fell below a 1973 low of 11.1 percent. That low point came after President Lyndon Johnson's war on poverty, launched in 1964, that created Medicaid, Medicare and other social welfare programs.

"I'm reluctant to say that we've gone back to where we were in the 1960s. The programs we enacted make a big difference. The problem is that the tidal wave of low-wage jobs is dragging us down and the wage problem is not going to go away anytime soon," Edelman said.

Stacey Mazer of the National Association of State Budget Officers said states will be watching for poverty increases when figures are released in September as they make decisions about the Medicaid expansion. Most  states generally assume poverty levels will hold mostly steady and they will hesitate if the findings show otherwise. "It's a constant tension in the budget," she said.

The predictions for 2011 are based on separate AP interviews, supplemented with research on suburban poverty from Alan Berube of the Brookings Institution and an analysis of federal spending by the Congressional Research Service and Elise Gould of the Economic Policy Institute.

The analysts' estimates suggest that some 47 million people in the U.S., or 1 in 6, were poor last year. An increase of one-tenth of a percentage point to 15.2 percent would tie the 1983 rate, the highest since 1965. The highest level on record was 22.4 percent in 1959, when the government began calculating poverty figures.

Poverty is closely tied to joblessness. While the unemployment rate improved from 9.6 percent in 2010 to 8.9 percent in 2011, the employment-population ratio remained largely unchanged, meaning many discouraged workers simply stopped looking for work. Food stamp rolls, another indicator of poverty, also grew.

Demographers also say:

—Poverty will remain above the pre-recession level of 12.5 percent for many more years. Several predicted that peak poverty levels — 15 percent to 16 percent — will last at least until 2014, due to expiring unemployment benefits, a jobless rate persistently above 6 percent and weak wage growth.

—Suburban poverty, already at a record level of 11.8 percent, will increase again in 2011.

—Part-time or underemployed workers, who saw a record 15 percent poverty in 2010, will rise to a new high.

—Poverty among people 65 and older will remain at historically low levels, buoyed by Social Security cash payments.

—Child poverty will increase from its 22 percent level in 2010.

Analysts also believe that the poorest poor, defined as those at 50 percent or less of the poverty level, will remain near its peak level of 6.7 percent.

"I've always been the guy who could find a job. Now I'm not," said Dale Szymanski, 56, a Teamsters Union forklift operator and convention hand who lives outside Las Vegas in Clark County. In a state where unemployment ranks highest in the nation, the Las Vegas suburbs have seen a particularly rapid increase in poverty from 9.7 percent in 2007 to 14.7 percent.

Szymanski, who moved from Wisconsin in 2000, said he used to make a decent living of more than $40,000 a year but now doesn't work enough hours to qualify for union health care. He changed apartments several months ago and sold his aging 2001 Chrysler Sebring in April to pay expenses.

"You keep thinking it's going to turn around. But I'm stuck," he said.

The 2010 poverty level was $22,314 for a family of four, and $11,139 for an individual, based on an official government calculation that includes only cash income, before tax deductions. It excludes capital gains or  accumulated wealth, such as home ownership, as well as noncash aid such as food stamps and tax credits, which were expanded substantially under President Barack Obama's stimulus package.

An additional 9 million people in 2010 would have been counted above the poverty line if food stamps and tax credits were taken into account.

Robert Rector, a senior research fellow at the conservative Heritage Foundation, believes the social safety net has worked and it is now time to cut back. He worries that advocates may use a rising poverty rate to justify additional spending on the poor, when in fact, he says, many live in decent-size homes, drive cars and own wide-screen TVs.

A new census measure accounts for noncash aid, but that supplemental poverty figure isn't expected to be released until after the November election. Since that measure is relatively new, the official rate remains the best gauge of year-to-year changes in poverty dating back to 1959.

Few people advocate cuts in anti-poverty programs. Roughly 79 percent of Americans think the gap between rich and poor has grown in the past two decades, according to a Public Religion Research Institute/RNS Religion News survey from November 2011. The same poll found that about 67 percent oppose "cutting federal funding for social programs that help the poor" to help reduce the budget deficit.

Outside of Medicaid, federal spending on major low-income assistance programs such as food stamps, disability aid and tax credits have been mostly flat at roughly 1.5 percent of the gross domestic product from 1975 to the 1990s. Spending spiked higher to 2.3 percent of GDP after Obama's stimulus program in 2009 temporarily expanded unemployment insurance and tax credits for the poor.

The U.S. safety net may soon offer little comfort to people such as Jose Gorrin, 52, who lives in the western Miami suburb of Hialeah Gardens. Arriving from Cuba in 1980, he was able to earn a decent living as a plumber for years, providing for his children and ex-wife. But things turned sour in 2007 and in the past two years he has barely worked, surviving on the occasional odd job.

His unemployment aid has run out, and he's too young to draw Social Security.

Holding a paper bag of still-warm bread he'd just bought for lunch, Gorrin said he hasn't decided whom he'll vote for in November, expressing little confidence the presidential candidates can solve the nation's economic problems. "They all promise to help when they're candidates," Gorrin said, adding, "I hope things turn around. I already left Cuba. I don't know where else I can go."

Copyright 2012 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

Saturday, July 14, 2012

Aunque hay temor por inseguridad, ciudades de México son atractivas para la inversión extranjera

Durante el Segundo Congreso Internacional de Evaluación de Políticas Públicas, Heidi Jane M. Smith, académica de Florida International University, explicó que en México hay muchas ciudades endeudadas, debido a que no saben llevar correctamente unas finanzas públicas sanas, utilizan las participaciones federales para otros fines y lo mismo pasa con el gasto corriente, por lo que con esto se ahuyenta la inversión. Asimismo, recomendó a los ayuntamientos diversificar las finanzas públicas por cuentas separadas. Manifestó también que aunque hay miedos por la situación de inseguridad en México, los inversionistas extranjeros ven respaldo en el Gobierno Federal, gracias a ello México es atractivo para las inversiones. En entrevista previa a su participación con el tema "Deuda Privada vs Pública: explicación de patrones de endeudamiento de las ciudades mexicanas",  refirió que observa que las ciudades más grandes tienen más capacidad de endeudamiento que las más pequeñas, pero de 2000 a 2008 se ha aumentado en ciudades más pequeñas el endeudamiento. Este endeudamiento se ha dado -según dijo- por reformas en las leyes a partir del año 2000 y por la "nueva fórmula de usar las participaciones es el respaldo del endeudamiento municipal". "El endeudamiento en sí no es malo, si lo hacen de maneras positivas puede ser una ventaja para hacer inversiones, para mejoramiento de infraestructura, pero lo que sí es malo es endeudarse en inversiones para el presupuesto corriente, para el sueldo y eso no es buena inversión". La académica, insistió en que lo que haría a las ciudades endeudadas más atractivas para la inversión extranjera es definitivamente limpiar sus finanzas, tener mejor rendición de cuentas, mejores prácticas de administración y separaciones de cuentas. Y es que recalcó que en muchas municipalidades tienen una cuenta y deberían separarlas en cuentas diversas de acuerdo a los sectores dentro de su municipio y con eso se pueden lograr unas finanzas más sanas. "La recomendación sería diversificar las finanzas públicas, cuentas separadas para hacer inversiones a sectores de cambio climático, residuos sólidos, transporte público, mejores edificios, planificación urbana para mejorar su propia ciudad, endeudamiento pero para inversiones". Con relación a la percepción que tienen de México en Estados Unidos los inversionistas, aclaró que hay que diferenciar lo que ve un ciudadano normal y en este caso los capitalistas. "El ciudadano en sí solamente lee el diario y ve la violencia, pero un inversionista ve el respaldo del Gobierno Federal en las inversiones, así que una cosa es la delincuencia y otra el estado del financiamiento".

Metropolitan Cooperation and Administration in Mexico

The Role of Metropolitan Cooperation and Administrative Capacity in Subnational Debt Dynamics: Evidence From Municipal Mexico Authors ...