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Showing posts from February, 2012

After Durban, Latin America Looks Towards Rio+20

OP-EDAfter Durban, Latin America Looks Towards Rio+20
By Ede Ijjasz-Vásquez*

Unsustainable use of natural resources.
WASHINGTON, Jan 31, 2012 (Tierramérica) - After the climate change negotiations in Durban, South Africa in December, there is space to continue advancing in the short and medium term. Now the attention of Latin America and the rest of the world is turned towards the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development taking place this June in Rio de Janeiro.

In Durban, delegates from 194 countries agreed to develop a new global climate pact by 2015, which would enter into force in 2020.

Substantial agreements were also hammered out in two other areas critical for progress in combating climate change: a new period of commitments under the Kyoto Protocol, and specific steps in the creation of the Green Climate Fund.

Greater attention was paid to combined measures for climate change mitigation and adaptation in agriculture, in addition to progress in techni…

Capitalism and Urban Growth in Latin America

Posted By Feb 3rd, 2012 Urban growth is a worldwide phenomenon which can been linked directly to the growth of capitalism. Latin America, as we currently know it, was formed by capitalist countries, and is the most urbanized region in the world. Yet this process of urbanization, whilst attributable at least in part to its relationship with capitalism, is also about global interdependence.
During European economic expansion between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries, the Roman Empire city system was essentially rebuilt across the globe, resulting in a commercial trading market with the African coast, Middle East and Asia. Cities became political, religious, commercial and cultural centers, and a class system based on land-ownership soon began to flourish.
As European economic expansion continued in the fifteenth century, new commercial trade routes were sought, with cities further establishing themselves as the foundation of this global commercial control.…