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Showing posts from November, 2010

Too Nice to Land a Job

You are reading a letter of recommendation that praises a candidate for a faculty job as being "caring," "sensitive," "compassionate," or a "supportive colleague." Whom do you picture?

New research suggests that to faculty search committees, such words probably conjure up a woman -- and probably a candidate who doesn't get the job. The scholars who conducted the research believe they may have pinpointed one reason for the "leaky pipeline" that frustrates so many academics, who see that the percentage of women in senior faculty jobs continues to lag the percentage of those in junior positions and that the share in junior positions continues to lag those earning doctorates.

The research is based on a content analysis of 624 letters of recommendation submitted on behalf of 194 applicants for eight junior faculty positions at an unidentified research university. The study found patterns in which different kinds of words were more likely …

Local Governments Mentioned in the Mexican Constitution

Mexican Constitution: Article 117. The States may not in any case:
2. Make any alliance, treaty or coalition with another State, or with foreign powers.
3. Deleted.
4. Coin money, issue paper money, stamps, or stamped paper.
5. Levy duty on persons or goods passing through their territory.
6. Prohibit or levy duty upon, directly or indirectly, the entrance into or exit from their territory of any domestic or foreign goods.
7. Tax the circulation of domestic or foreign goods by imposts or duties, the exemption of which is made by local customhouses, requiring inspection or registration of packages or documentation to accompany the goods.
8. Enact or maintain in force fiscal laws or provisions that relate to differences in duties or requirements by reason of the origin of domestic or foreign goods, whether this difference is established because of similar production in the locality or because, among such similar production there is a different place or origin.
9. Issue bonds of public deb…

The Sobriety of Class Warfare--in the US

But the double-page centerfold that he prepared for Thanksgiving Day 1860 is about as subtle as the slash of a cavalry saber. “THANKSGIVING DAY, 1860 – THE TWO GREAT CLASSES OF SOCIETY,” Homer titled the engraving. The spread is divided into two halves: on the left, “Those who have more Dinners than appetite,” and on the right, “Those who have more appetite than Dinners.”

There is precious little celebration in Homer’s tribute to the national holiday, let alone flattery of well-heeled Harper’s readers. His portrayal of the rich is eviscerating. On the left-hand page, two overdressed, supercilious socialites peer through opera glasses from an ornate theater box. Above them, a self-absorbed young woman reads a magazine as a maid fusses over her hair. In the adjoining frame – least appealing of all – a lounging wastrel smokes his pipe by the fire, thrusting his fashionably pantalooned crotch into the viewer’s face. Lest anyone miss the point, the words “HARPER’S WEEKLY” are visible on the…

Innovations in local public finances in Latin America

This research will study municipal capacity in order to find out
whether further autonomy leads to cities engaging in more or less
economic development activities.

What explains the degree of fiscal autonomy a municipality might have?
What contributes to the greater degrees of fiscal autonomy for a
municipality? Two what extent does fiscal autonomy influence the
economic development of a municipality? What factors generate a
greater or lesser autonomy for a municipality?

To what extent do cities that have greater fiscal autonomy have in the
implementation of economic development programs?

Ho: If a municipality has greater degree of fiscal autonomy than the
city will be more likely to engage in economic development activities.

Economic development programs is dependent variable
Autonomy is key independent variable

The variation among the cities to engage in entrepreneurial
finances?bonds, outside aid, trust funds, increase taxes or revenue
source?will be evaluated.

Four communities are composite measu…

APA to Launch Urban Planning-focused ECPA Initiative

APA to Launch Urban Planning-focused ECPA Initiative

The American Planning Association (APA) is launching the newest initiative Energy and Climate Partnership of the Americas (ECPA) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, November 4 – 5, 2010. The path to sustainable cities – those that are more energy efficient, adaptive to climate change, economically diverse, and accessible to its citizens – results only if there is a cultural and institutional base of good urban and regional planning. Through the ECPA initiative and strategic partners, APA seeks to build capacity for urban planning in Latin America and the Caribbean in order to assist ECPA nations fulfill their commitment to promote a sustainable future.

The November 2010 kick-off event in Brazil will draw a diverse set of actors from the Americas to begin forming local, national, and transnational partnerships and networks that will enhance the understanding and use of new technologies and planning tools. The deliberate…

Municipal Diplomacy

At the same time as U.S. foreign aid budgets are dwindling, local public officials are seeking policy solutions globally to fix problems at home. These exchanges are encouraging many subnational leaders to engage in foreign policy efforts. Either through sister city programs, connecting with diaspora communities with their home countries or providing aid and disaster relief to war-torn, climate-affected, in- need areas, there is much work that can be done by the sub-national leaders in the United State.

Somewhat dated, Michael Shuman in his book Going Local sites that in the 1980, many U.S. State, county, and local governments involved in foreign policy activities:
 More than 900 localities passed resolutions supporting a “freeze” in the arms race:
 197 demanded a halt to nuclear testing;
 120 refused to cooperate with the Federal Energy Management Activity’s nuclear war exercises;
 126 plus 27 states, divested from ding business in South Africa;
 86 formed linkages with Nicaragua an…