Wednesday, October 17, 2007

Miami Herald Decentralization in LAC

Argentina: Governors elected since 1912 and mayors since the 1950s, except during authoritarian periods. Both elected since 1983. Local governments have strong powers.

Bolivia: Governors first elected in 2005, mayors since 1985. Governors are fighting with President Evo Morales over spending authority.

Brazil: Governors directly elected since 1982, mayors since 1946 except in large cities during authoritarian government 1964-85. Local governments have strong taxing and spending authority.

Chile: Mayors elected since 1992. Regional governments are weak, while municipal governments have gained greater autonomy. But subnational share of total spending remains low.

Colombia: State and local governments have much autonomy over social and economic policies. Mayors elected after 1989 and governors after 1990.

Mexico: Local governments have strong powers.

Peru: Governors first elected in 2002.

Uruguay: Fiscal decentralization for municipalities began in 1985.

Venezuela: Governors first elected in 1989, with growing fiscal and policy powers. Chávez has been recentralizing power since taking office in 1999.

Source: Alfred Montero of Carleton College

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